apartments NEČUJAM
private accomm.
Martinis Marchi
Hotel MEDENA (Trogir)
paintings
Nečujam
Stomorska
Maslinica
Rogač
Grohote
Gornje Selo
Srednje Selo
Donje Selo
location
climate
name trough history
relief
flora and fauna
art
monuments
interesting facts



The area of Šolta is 57,886 km2. Šolta is 13th largest of Croatian islands and it belongs to midsize Dalmatian islands. Šolta’s length is 19 km and its width is 4.9 km. It spreads in the direction of west-northwest-southeast.

It was made of sedimentary rocks and various limestones from the Cretaceous Age; in some places dolomites can be found. Sediments were elevated from the sea probably at the end of the Cretaceous Age, and they were folded during the Tertiary folding: in the Tertiary Age developed middle Dalmatian islands and the Dinaric Alps. On the island there are two faults along which the movements of the rocks were made. They determined today’s appearance of the island.
One fault spreads in the direction of Nečujam-Maslinica and is parallel to the southern part of the island, and the other spreads in the direction of Nečujam-Senjska, and is transverse to the first fault. To the west of the transverse fault Šolta spreads in the direction of east-west, and to the east it spreads in the direction of northwest-southeast (the direction of Dinaric Alps). The western part of the island in the cross-section view is in the shape of a saddle, while the eastern part is a tableland that gradually slopes towards Brač.

If we look Šolta we can see that it is mostly mountainous. In the eastern part of the island the highest peak is 237 m (Vela Straža), while in the western part it is 208 m (also Vela Straža). Today’s area of Šolta in the Pleistocene was a part of the mainland. 25000 years ago the sea level was 96m lower than today’s and 10000 years ago in the beginning of the Holocene it was 31m. In that time Šolta was much more larger and it was connected to Brač.
In the last 2000 years the sea level raised 1,7 m. The proof for that are many limekilns that used to be away from the coast, and today are near the coast or even on the bottom. Limekilns and other proofs that show the raise of the sea level can be found in all Šolta’s coves (Zagradina bok, Drazetina valica Zorzini bocici, Milotinja bok, etc.).
The raise of the sea level started during the last Pleistocene glaciation (wurm), and the calculation show that it will continue the following 1900-2000 years. It is thought that the sea level will rise for 1-1,2 m.
Šolta’s coast is mainly steep especially on the open-sea side. It is well indented by numerous coves that were made by sinking of parts of valleys (dry cove) that were cut into less resistant limestone. On the northern part there are larger coves: Nečujam (the largest Šolta’s cove – its length is 1,8 km, and width is to 1,2 km), Rogač, Stomorska, Donja Krušica, Gornja Krušica, Lestimer’s vala. On the southern part there are larger coves: Tatinja, Senjska, Stračinska, Livka and Poganica.
The western coast is the most indented part of the island. There are three coves: Šešula, Maslinica and Sikova vala. The coastline is 73,1 km long, and together with the coast of its 7 islets it is 81,1 km long. Index of relative indentedness is 2,71, and together with islets it is 2,98. That means that the length of its coast is almost three times larger than the circle’s circumference that encloses the same area as the area of the island. According to the index of relative indentedness Šolta is one of the most indent Croatian islands.
Two highest peaks of Šolta have the same name: "Vela Straža". The eastern is 237 m, and the western is 208 m. Šolta is mainly mountainous and inside it there is a 15 km2 field.